CARNAVAL - BRASIL'S BIGGEST PARTY

CarnavalSay Carnaval and what images come to mind? Fantastically and scantily garbed dancers, pounding samba rhythms, parades, incessant revelry? Rio de Janeiro?

The four days and nights of carnaval in Rio are the lavish self-indulgent anything-goes exotic exhibitionist spectacle the world sees. They are the result of year-long planning organizing practicing and fantasies - and a lot of hard work!

Carnaval came to South America from Europe as celebrations before the beginning of the forty day Lenten season of fasting and prayer. The word carnival is thought to come from the Italian carne vale or farewell to meat which was not eaten during Lent. These late winter celebrations in Europe gave root to the high-summer frenzy of carnaval in South America.

CarnavalIn Brazil, the Portuguese traditions of entrudo throwing water flour and mud at unsuspecting passers-by evolved into a more lighthearted flour and water or egg tossing spree in Brazil. At the beginning the celebrations were a form of merry-making that the higher classes celebrated privately in their homes while the poorer classes took to the streets in unplanned and unformed revelry. The aristocratic gentry might have looked down on the street frolics but it wasn't long before the more adventurous among them ventured out heavily masked and disguised to join the fun.

The Samba comes from the West African heritage of Brazil and the infectious rhythms and contagious beat are intrinsically linked with carnaval. The pounding drums get into your bloodstream, your feet start moving and before you know it, you're dancing! If you're watching the parades, you can dance and sing along with the escolas as they dance and posture by.

CarnavalThe street parades and neighborhood samba schools or escolas de samba began to compete with each other in the 1930's. Today that competition is similar to the rivalry between sports teams and as much thought preparation and resources go into the escola's entry as goes to a top-notch sports team. The money needed to equip the escola's dancers comes from ticket sales, television rights and the member's own pockets.

Most of the escolas are from the poorest sections of towns the favelas that cling precariously to Rio's hillsides. They hold practice sessions for months before carnaval. You can sit in on one of these sessions for a small fee but you probably will not see the spectacular costumes chosen for the year's theme.

CarnavalNot all the escolas are in Brazil though. Aquarela is located in the US. Not all dancers in the escolas are Brazilian as increasing numbers of foreigners either join an existing escola or form one of their own.

You can get a feeling for what goes into the preparations for carnival by watching Orfeu Negro, Black Orchid, the movie version of the legend of Orpheus and Eurydice. The movie did two things: it helped introduce the world to the bossa nova a merging of jazz and samba and it displayed to the world the intensity of arnaval in Rio.

Since the Rio Sambadrome, designed by Oscar Niemeyer, the leading architect of Brazilia, opened in 1984, much of the dancing and celebrations take place there in night long parties that begin at 8:00 PM and last until dawn. Night clubs are popular too, with shows and extravagant galas. The two nights of samba parades in the Sambodromo are a sight to see. You'll need tickets and reservations for the show, and follow the recommendations from the Brazil Tourist Office on the above link.

BRASIL FESTIVAL CALENDAR

Brasil Flag
Festival Date
January
New Year 1
Festa de Iemanjá 1
Procissão de Senhor Bom Jesus dos Navegantes 1
Folia de Reis 1 - 20
Epiphany 6
Lavagem do Bonfim Second Thursday
Senhor Bom Jesus dos Navegantes Second Sunday
NS de Nazaré 24 - Feb 2
February
Festa de Iemanjá 2
Grande Vaquejada do Nordeste  
Lavagem da Igreja de Itapoã February or March
Shrove Tuesday February or March
Carnaval February or March
March
Good Friday and Easter March or April
April
Drama da Paixão de Cristo - Brejo da Madre de
Cristo Pernambuco
Mid April
Tiradentes National 21
Festival Amazonas de Ópera April or May
Cavalhadas April or May
May
Labor Day 1
Divino Espiritu Santo Late may or early June
June
Corpus Christi
Festas Juninas and Bumba Meu Boi
Festival Folcórico do Amazonas
São João 24
Pacote Festival de Parintins June - July
July
Festa do Divino  
Regata de Jangadas Dragão do Mar  
August
Festa de Iemanjá 15
Festa da NS de Boa Morte Mid August
September
Festival de Cirandas  
Cavalhada  
Independence Day 7
Festa de Nossa Senhora dos Remédios 8
October
Our Lady of Aparecida 1
Festa de NS Aparecida 12
Cirio de Nazaré Second Sunday
NS do Rosário Second half of October
November
Festa do Padre Cicero 1 - 2
All Souls Day 2
NS do Ajuda  
Proclamation Day 15
December
Festa do NS da Conção Navidad 8
Festa de Iemanjá 8
Christmas Day Navidad 25
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