FIESTA DE LA VIRGEN DE LA CANDELARIA

Fiesta de la Virgen de la CandelariaCelebrated in Bolivia, Peru, Uruguay, Chile and Venezuela

The festival of the Virgen de la Candelaria, in many images, is celebrated on February 2 in various Hispanic Catholic countries, including Peru, Bolivia, Chile, Venezuela and Uruguay.

The celebrations in Peru and Bolivia are centered around Lake Titicaca, in Puno and the small village of Copacabana. In Bolivia, the Virgen is also known as the Dark Virgin of the Lake, and the Patroness Of Bolivia. She is revered for a series of miracles, recounted in Nuestra Señora de Copacabana and has another festival on August 5.

There are parades, colorful costumes, music and a lot of drinking and celebrating. New vehicles are brought in from all over Bolivia to be blessed with beer. People gather for days ahead to pray and to celebrate in a mixture of Catholic and native religions. Bolivian celebrants believe the Virgen prefers to stay inside the Basilica erected in her honor. When taken outside, there is a risk of storm or other calamity.

In Peru, Puno is known as the Folkloric Capital of Peru and lives up to this reputation in grand manor during this fiesta which lasts for days, as this schedule shows. The rites are centered around the observance of February second, and then a week later with the famed dances. Peruvian celebrants are not hesitant to take their statue of the Virgen around the streets of Puno in a staged procession.

The mixing of Christian and pagan is very evident here. Mamacha Candelaria, Mamita Canticha, and MamáCandi, are all names for the Virgen of Candelaria, the patron saint of Puno. She is also associated with Lake Titicaca as the birth of the Inca empire, with the cult of the earth, Pachamama. Men, women and children dance in her honor, to show their devotion and their thanks for her blessings. The celebration continues as a prelude to Carnival, as described in Máximo Esplendor Festivo.

The festival has two main phases. The first is described in El Día Principal Y Sus Ritos in which a procession carries the statue of the Virgen around the city, and dancers in lavish costumes from all walks of life join the parade. The dancers, by group, pause in front of the cathedral to be blessed with holy water, after which they are cooled with water thrown from nearby houses.

The second phase occurs on the Sunday after February second, called the Octava. On this day, El Segundo Gran Día : La Octava, costumed groups from the neighborhoods of Puno dance day and night in religious fervor and competitive spirit. Photos and list of dancing groups and schedule from Festividad "Virgen de la Candelaria. Follow a student's transformation into a devil dancer in La Fiesta de la Virgen de la Candelaria en Puno.

CHILE FESTIVAL CALENDAR

Chile Flag
Festival Date
January
New Year 1
San Sebastián de Yumbel 20
February
February 2 Virgen de la Candelaria (Copiapo) 2
Semana Santa
Sunday after Easter Sunday Cuasimodo
(Santiago area)
May
Labor Day End of May Corpus Christi 1
Battle of Iquique 21
June
We Xipantu, Mapuche New Year (Temuco) 24
San Pedro y San Pablo 29
August
Asunción de la Virgen 15
September
1973 Military Coup National 11
Fiestas Patrias, also known as the
Dieciocho Independence Day National
18
Armed Forces Day National 19
Pampilla de Coquimbo 20
October
Columbus Day 12
Fiestas Patrias - San Clemente 12
November
All Saints Day 1
December
Immaculate Conception National 8
Christmas Day 25
Fiesta De La Virgin Del Rosario Andacollo 24 - 27
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