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Colombia is located on the northwestern corner of the South American continent. It is bound by Panama and the Caribbean Sea to the northwest, Venezuela to the northeast, Brazil to the southeast, Ecuador and Peru to the south and the Pacific Ocean in the west.

Paisaje click on the image to enlarge
Colombia's position so close to the equator means that its temperature varies little through out the year. The temperature in the low lands and coastal regions is generally hot and humid throughout the year. In the mountainous regions the temperature is a lot colder, particularly at elevations above 2000 metres. Average temperatures in the coastal and lowland regions range between 24 degrees Celsius (76 degrees F) and 27 degrees Celsius (81 degrees F). in the mountainous regions above 2000 metres temperatures range from -15 degrees Celsius (2 degrees F) to 13 degrees Celsius (56 degrees F). The greater the altitude the colder it gets.

Feria click on the image to enlarge
Colombia can be divided into four different climatic zones: 1. The central highlands which consist of the Cordillera Occidental, the Cordillera Central and the Cordillera Oriental Ranges as well as a massive plateau called the Sabana de Bogota. (2.) The Atlantic lowlands which consist of the plains north of the highlands, although they are connected to the Cauca and Magdalena River Valleys, and the isolated mountain systems called the Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta. (3.) The Pacific lowlands which consist of the coastal lowland area called the Serrania de Baudo as well as jungles and swamps. (4.) The Amazon Basin which comprises most of eastern Colombia and is situated to the east of the Andes. The northern and southern regions of Colombia are also lowland jungle regions.

Bogota de Noche click on the image to enlarge
There is generally only two notable seasons in Colombia, the wet and the dry. The wet season goes from March to May and September to November. The dry season from December to February and June to August. In the Amazon jungle region it can rain at any time of the year. In the north of the country the wet season generally lasts from April to November.

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