Cuba

GEOGRAPHY AND ENVIRONMENT

The island of Cuba is the largest of the Caribbean islands. It is 1,250 km. long, and has about 6000 km coastline, over 280 beaches, 5 mountain ranges, and more than 500 river basins. It is located near the tip of Florida and just under the Tropic of Cancer.

Cuba click on the image to enlarge
Cuba’s contrasting landscapes are home to the greatest diversity of plants and animals in all of the Caribbean. Thousands of species are unique to Cuba including the Mellisuga helenae, the Bee Hummingbird, which is the worlds smallest bird, measuring just over two inches long and weighing only a couple of grams. Its wings have been estimated to beat at more than 80 beats a second and it is often mistaken for an insect due to the buzzing sound that is created when it flaps its wings. Cuba is also home to the endangered Cuban Crocodile, which lives in the region of the Zapata swamp, an area that is yet to gain the protection that it deserves. The Ciénaga de Zapata Biosphere Reserve is Cuba's largest protected area, designated as a ‘Wetland of International Importance’, mainly for the numerous aquatic birds that travel for thousands of miles to nest there.

ambiente click on the image to enlarge
Cyclones are common between June and November. In the last few years Cuba has been hit by several powerful cyclones that have caused extensive damage to houses and the environment. It has been estimated that some areas will take up to 15 years to recover, and only if the same areas are not hit by simular cyclones in the future. The southern coast of Cuba tends to be slightly warmer than the northern coastal region, but being a sub-tropical island, both coasts have moderate temperatures all year round. The average temperature in summer (June – August) is 25 degrees C (77F). The winter (Dec – Feb) average is a comfortable 22 degrees C (71F). The ‘wet’ season generally lasts from June to November, which is also the cyclone season.
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Weather in Cuba
El Tiempo Habana
Habana - Cuba
El Tiempo Santiago de Cuba
Santiago de Cuba - Cuba

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