Honduras

HONDURAS GEOGRAPHY AND ENVIRONMENT

Honduras Geography and Environment click on the image to enlarge
Honduras is the second largest republic in Central America and is situated at its widest part. It is nestled between three neighbouring countries and two oceans, and covers an area of approximately 112,090 sq km. It has 735km of Caribbean coast to the north, running from the mouth of the Rio Motagua in the west, to the mouth of the Rio Coco in the east. The majority of the southern border meets with Nicaragua; however, the far south western border opens to the Pacific Ocean for a distance of 153 km at the Golfo de Fonseca. The western boundary is with El Salvador (stretching for 342km) and Guatemala (stretching for 256km). In addition, Honduras controls a number of small Caribbean islands as its offshore territories.
rio amazonas click on the image to enlarge
Centuries of urbanization due to population expansion have resulted in extensive deforestation. Logging and the clearing of land for agriculture and development without adequate and lawful control has resulted in soil erosion and deterioration. In addition, non-regulated mineral mining has depleting natural resources. Such activities have resulted in the first signs of pollution of Lago de Yojoa, which is Honduras principal source of fresh water, as well as a number of rivers. To combat these alarming issues, a National Planning Workshop took place in April 2007 in the capital where 80 participants from various environmental agencies worked on formulating a future action plan to challenge the current problems and to safeguard the future of Honduras’ environment. As a result of the conference, a ’10 point action plan’ was set up in December 2008, and put into practice in February 2009. With government assistance the country now has a specific course of action with a strong support system in place.
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