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Flora and fauna, Nicaragua click on the image to enlarge

Nicaragua is an ideal destination for nature lovers because of its wide variety of vegetation and animal species found in the diverse landscape of the country. The rainforest in Nicaragua is virtually untouched and a home to the wide range of Nicaraguan flora & fauna.

The forest of Nicaragua covers an area of 5.5 million hectares distributed into Caribbean rainforest, Pacific dry forest, upland forest of pine and mountainous broadleaf forest. Among the total forest area 2.5 million hectares of land is covered by timber forest, which is used for commercial purpose. There are nearly 9,000 species of vascular plants which have certain medical values. Shrubs, ferns and orchids are all throughout the country.

Peru Map click on the image to enlarge

The wide variety of animal species in Nicaragua can be classified into the following categories.  There are more than 700 bird species living in the country. Some of these birds are migratory and the rest exist within the country. The wide range of birds includes pelicans, quetzal, vulture, trogons, finches, hummingbirds, kingfisher, gulls and many more. Nearly 176 mammal species exist in Nicaragua including jaguar, puma, ocelot, howler monkey, spider monkey, tapirs, deer, anteaters and many more. A wide range of fresh water and salt water fish and other marine animals exist in Nicaragua’s various bodies of water and around Nicaraguas coast. Whales, dolphins, sea turtles and various species of fish including angelfish, chromis, damselfish, flounder, rays and sharks to mention a few. Black and green iguanas, green basilisks, caiman, crocodile and snakes are some of the main reptiles existing in the forests of the country. A huge variety of insects are found in Nicaragua including different types of butterflies, ants, grasshoppers, bugs, caterpillars and many more.

The ecosystem of the country is so huge and diverse that many of the Nicaragua flora and fauna are still undiscovered and unknown.

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