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Venezuela

GEOGRAPHY AND ENVIRONMENT

mapa de guatemala click on the image to enlarge
Venezuela is the world's 33rd-largest country. It is comparable in size to Namibia, and is about half the size of the American state of Alaska. Mainland Venezuela rests on the South American Plate. With 2,800 km of coastline, Venezuela is home to a wide variety of landscapes. The extreme northeastern extensions of the Andes reach into Venezuela's northwest and continue along the northern Caribbean coast.

Mapa de Venezuela click on the image to enlarge
The llanos, extensive plains that stretch from the Colombian border in the far west to the delta of the Orinoco River in the east, dominate the country´s centre. To the south, the dissected Guiana Highlands is home to the northern edge of Amazonia and Angel Falls, the world's highest waterfall. Unfortunately, the depletion of theVenezuelan forests is quite high a rate of 200,000 ha per annum by logging and shifting cultivation.

mapa de guatemala click on the image to enlarge
Venezuela can be divided into nine geographical areas, some corresponding to the natural regions, one being the Andes Range. The Lake Maracaibo region comprises the lowlands near the Gulf of Venezuela. The Coro System, a mountainous block in the northwest, is home to several sierras and valleys. The Central Range runs parallel to the coast and includes the hills surrounding Caracas; the Eastern Range, separated from the Central Range by the Gulf of Cariaco, covers all of Sucre and northern Monagas. The Llanos region makes up a third of the country's area above the Orinoco River. Under this region is the South Orinoco Region (the Guianas, above described). Nueva Esparta and the Federal Dependencies form the Insular Region. The last geographical region is the Deltaic System, which forms a pantanous triangle, covering Delta Amacuro.
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